‘Steaming land’ of the Uzon Volcano Caldera
The Caldera of Uzon Volcano is an incredibly futuristic place that was formed by the intense volcano activity about 40 thousand years ago on the territory of the Kronotsky Nature Reserve of the Kamchatka peninsula.
The сaldera is a huge bowl-shaped basin with a diameter of 10 km and an area of 150 km². In the сaldera there are many lakes, which surface is constantly seething and bubbling due to activity of underwater fumaroles. A fumarole is a vent in a crater, on the slope or at the foot of a volcano from which hot volcanic gases and vapors are emitted. Numerous rivers and streamlets flow along the surface of the сaldera that form the headstream of the Shumnaya river.
Bizarre lakes are found in all parts of the Uzon Volcano Caldera, but there are especially many of them in the western caldera part, since it is lower and swampy. The Central lake is fresh, this is the largest and the coldest caldera lake, there are fish here. The Fumarole lake is the hot lake with water temperature up to 104°F. The Chloride lake is the warm lake with white-grayish water containing chlorine and sodium, with numerous of thermal springs and funnels at the bottom. The Bannoye lake is the hot lake with the false bottom - the sulfur cork, which plugs the reservoir of molten sulfur beneath, so the water temperature here does not fall below 40°C (104°F) even in winter. The Dalnee lake is the alpine lake that also has fish. The map of this area contains the information about the location of volcanoes, the boundaries of the Kronotsky Nature Reserve and the lakes listed above, so that it is convenient to navigate in an unfamiliar area offline.
Many tourists note that the Uzon volcano caldera resembles Martian landscapes or the Earth at the time of birth: the smell of sulfur, waves of hot air and steam rising from the ground and water, seething mud pots, and only mountain ranges and a variety of greenery indicate the earthly origin of this area. If you're lucky, you can even meet brown bears here, in mid-April-early May they come here on warm clay, their huge paw prints you will definitely see here and there. An incredible place of incredible Kamchatka!
The Caldera of Uzon Volcano is located on the territory of the Kronotsky Nature Reserve where a special, protected regime operates, so driving or hiking is prohibited. You can only get here as part of an excursion group and only by air. It is allowed to go only on the wood paths due to security reasons, it is prohibited to pick any berries and mushrooms, that grow here everywhere. Usually tourists combine visiting the Valley of Geysers and the Caldera of Uzon Volcano, as these places locate only 17 km from each other. You can get more information about the Valley of Geysers in our article ‘The Valley of Geysers, the tourist gem of the Kamchatka peninsula’.
To better navigate on the territory of the Kronotsky Nature Reserve and to easily find the local sights, we recommend you to download the map of this area. Please note that this map can always be supplemented with your data: add points of interest to the map, attach photos and share your information with friends via any messenger.